Cambridge Chinese Classics
剑桥中国传统文化研习社

To study, practice and promote Chinese classics

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Qianziwen

Note: also known as the Thousand Character Classic.
Reading time: 28 April 2012 – 24 Nov 2012

The Thousand Character Classic, originally titled “Ci Yun Wang Xi Zhi Shu Qian Zi”, is one of the Chinese MengXue (Elementary study) texts for teaching Chinese characters and calligraphy to children. The author is Zhou Xingsi (AD?-521) of the Southern dynasties' period Liang Dynasty (AD502-549). It is said that Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty selected one thousand non-redundant characters from the work of a finest calligrapher Wang Xizhi (AD 321-379) for his princes to practice calligraphy. He then commissioned the widely learned and talented scholar Zhou Xingsi to put these isolated characters into meaningful sentenses with rhymes. In only one night, Zhou Xingsi composed a fully rhyming text of 250 four-character couplets. Legend also has it that his hair and beard went completely white during those momentous hours.

From “天地玄黃” (pinyin: tiān dì xuán huáng) to “焉哉乎也” (pinyin: yān zāi hū yě), the Thousand Character Classic covers knowledges and wisdoms in astronomy, geography, politics, economy, society, history and ethics, etc. Each of thefour-character couplets, in its succinct and poetic form, expresses deep and pround meanings.

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